State Veterinarian Announces Implementation Of New Requirements For Livestock Entering Virginia

According to Dr. Richard Wilkes, State Veterinarian with the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (VDACS), effective August 15, 2012, breeding-age cattle coming into Virginia from other states must be tuberculosis (TB) test negative and properly identified. Imported cattle over 18 months of age without negative TB test results and proper identification will be quarantined until negative TB tests are conducted and official identification have been applied to each animal and submitted to the VDACS’ regional Office of Veterinary Services (OVS). Acceptable TB tests include individual animal testing within 60 days prior to entering Virginia, or an annual whole herd test for cattle originating from TB accredited herds.

On January 18, 2012, updated regulations regarding the health requirements for importing animals into Virginia became effective. Bovine tuberculosis (TB) testing on cattle that do not originate from a TB accredited free herd, as well as official individual identification, are now required on all cattle greater than 18 months of age coming into Virginia. Between January and now, VDACS has been educating cattle producers who import breeding-age cattle of the requirement for a TB test and official identification.

Once the most prevalent infectious disease of cattle and swine in the United States, bovine TB caused more losses among U.S. farm animals in the early part of the 20th century than all other infectious diseases combined. Since 1917, cooperative efforts of the states and USDA have nearly eradicated bovine TB from the nation’s livestock population. This disease’s presence in humans has been reduced as a result of the eradication program, advances in sanitation and hygiene, the discovery of effective drugs and pasteurization of milk.

Although bovine TB has been nearly eradicated, it is at this stage that surveillance and identification of infected cattle becomes most difficult. Within the last several years, TB has been newly diagnosed in at least ten states that were previously considered to be free. In order to continue to keep the disease out of Virginia’s livestock, reliable identification and assurance that imported cattle are TB-negative are essential. It is critical that potentially infected animals from out-of-state be permanently identified so that they will not jeopardize Virginia’s ability to market animals as coming from a TB-free state.
For additional information on the animal import regulations, see vdacs.virginia.gov/animals/adm-cattle.shtml

Community Animal Response Teams Keep Animals Safe During Emergencies

Lindsay Reames
Assistant Director
Governmental Relations

Last Friday I attended a very informative meeting about CARTs- Community Animal Response Teams.

Research has shown that the No. 1 reason people refuse to evacuate their homes during an emergency is because they don’t want to leave pets behind. In 1999, Hurricane Floyd claimed the lives of millions of animals in North Carolina and thousands were separated from their owners. Many of the animals could have been saved by a coordinated response plan.

Out of this tragedy grew the CART concept. Virginia adopted the concept in 2006 to address the needs of animals during natural or man-made disasters.

VASART– the Virginia State Animal Response Team to—was formed to address the needs of animals during natural or man-made disasters. VASART was created through a private-public partnership to serve as a unifying network of organizations, businesses, federal and state government agencies and individuals that support the prevention, preparedness, response and recovery for emergencies affecting animals. Tony Banks, assistant director of Farm Bureau’s Commodities and Marketing Department, is co-chair of VASART.

The group is working to increase CARTs in the state. There are currently eight groups in Virginia, but that’s more than other states have. As part of the animal response teams, trained volunteers will help people find shelter for their pets. Campbell County may be the next locality to form a community response team.

The state and county groups are primarily focused on companion animals but are starting to put more emphasis on large livestock animals.

Here are some suggestions from VASART on what to do to prepare your pets for an emergency:

• Keep a pet emergency kit ready, which includes a few days worth of medicine, your pet’s medical and vaccination records, a leash, collar, identification, water, food, toys and bedding.

• Make sure that your animals have some form of permanent identification such as a microchip, brand or tattoo.

• Purchase a pet carrier and label it with emergency contact information.

• Store water and feed for emergencies.

• Create a contingency plan for animals including horses and livestock that addresses transportation, water and feed resources, and areas for confinement if needed.

Animal agriculture advocates address public image challenges

Lindasy Reames
Assistant Director
VFB Governmental Relations

I attended the Animal Agriculture Alliance Summit this past week in Arlington. The summit brought together around 200 agriculture leaders to address issues facing animal agriculture. This year the focus was on transparency in the industry and finding ways to show the general public and media what farmers do on their operations. It is a challenge to balance the needs of bio security and private property while opening up farms for tours and education. Below is an article done by agri-pulse on the conference.
Animal agriculture advocates address public image challenges
by Sarah Gonzalez
 Transparency and outreach are essential for animal agriculture to close the “communication gap” that exists between the industry and the general public, according to several speakers at the Animal Agriculture Alliance’s 11th annual Stakeholder Summit this week. Nearly two hundred animal agriculture representatives attended the summit in Arlington, Va., where Indiana Pork Executive Director Mike Platt described his organization’s approach to the communication problem.

Platt is president of the Fair Oaks Farms’ new “Pig Adventure” organizing board, which is implementing a 2,600 sow operation to be open for public tours. With a “Disney-like” engagement for its customers, Platt said the “Pig Adventure” will convey the main messages that pork farming is compatible with the environment, pork producers care about their animals and that pork is healthy. He said Fair Oaks Farms expects its first visitors to the sow operation by next year’s Memorial Day, which will be an addition to its existing dairy operation with similar public tours.

“Our goal is to bridge the divide between producer and consumer,” he said. “There is no one solution to the problems facing us in terms of consumer education, but there are 100 ‘one percent’ solutions out there.”

Platt said that his goal is to protect producer choice while being transparent about modern agricultural practices to farm visitors.

“If there’s a production practice that we are doing today we ought to be able to explain it,” he said. “If we can’t explain it, maybe we shouldn’t be doing it.”

He noted that pork operations in the United Kingdom no longer have a choice in how to maintain their operations due to a ban on gestation stalls directed by the European Union. The UK already eliminated gestation stalls, but they are to be phased out throughout the EU by 2013.

“We must protect and maintain producer choice in how to raise their animals, in the best way that’s right for their animals and their farms,” Platt said. “Their choice is critical. And that’s what being lost in the United Kingdom.”
Agralytica Senior Consultant Andre Williamson said his firm’s studies show that the UK ban on sow stalls would have a comparable impact in United States of $5.8 billion in capital costs and $1.1 billion in additional annual operating costs. These regulations drive down production and impact producer costs as well as consumer prices, Williamson said. He said feed lot regulations implemented in Colorado contributed to a 50 percent drop in the state’s hog production.

“Regulations have a negative affect on demand,” he said. “And the primary threat is to exports.”

However, consumers are becoming more vocal about agricultural practices, including animal housing, Williamson noted. National Grocers Association Government Affairs Vice President Greg Ferrara provided the retail perspective of the industry for the animal agriculture representatives at the conference. He noted that today’s consumer is more connected and informed than ever before.

“Today’s consumer is very informed,” he said. “In an era of instant communication, our consumer can get information instantly, whether it’s on a product or something that’s happened.”

This connectivity makes it essential for producers to be transparent and open about their practices, noted several speakers at the conference. A central theme of the meeting was “the need to bridge the urban-rural divide to help the average consumer understand today’s agricultural practices,” noted the Animal Agriculture Alliance.

Cause Matters Corp. founder Michele Payn-Knoper said producers are not the dominant voice of agriculture, noting that Michael Pollen, Jamie Oliver and other celebrity names are receiving the attention and serving as agriculture’s representatives for much of the public. She used the lean finely textured beef (LFTB), or “pink slime,” media spotlight as an example of failed communication between agriculture and the public.

“We have to do a better job responding to the media, this is where agriculture has consistently failed,” she said. “You may think you’re in the business of farming, but in reality, you’re in the court of public opinion.”

Meatingplace Executive Editor Janie Gabbett said the pork industry “has been really behind” on addressing the public attention on gestation stalls. Several restaurants, including McDonald’s, Burger King and Wendy’s, vowed to stop buying pork from operations housing sows in the confined stalls.

“The pork industry has really been behind on this story, but not necessarily been behind on the actions,” she said. “The pork industry knows housing has always been evolutionary.”
However, today’s headlines don’t recognize “the hard work the industry’s already doing,” she said. “Make sure that you can explain the science behind your practices,” Gabbett added while encouraging producers to be proactive and open to the media instead of defensive.

“Animal agriculture is less visible to a majority of population that lives in cities,” said Shawn Lawrence Otto, author of Fool Me Twice: Fighting the Assault on Science in America. “And anything invisible can become politicized.”

Otto spoke about the public’s understanding of science and the challenges that come from science’s relationship with politics.

“Part of problem with scientific communication is it’s hard to understand the invisible,” Otto said. Food production has an invisibility problem, he said, and practices that are invisible to the public often become emotional issues driven from belief.

He noted that science is expanding exponentially thanks to increased technology and global availability. Otto said some estimate that this growth may create as much knowledge in the next 40 years as in the last 400 years.

“Science increases freedom because it gives us choices and expands our power to choose,” he said. “With that efficiency comes a gap we have to fill with communication.”

With producers making up only two percent of the U.S. population, he said it is easy for people to lose understanding of the normal process of agriculture. Combating extremist views of agriculture means working against partisanship and providing public outreach, he noted, because a communication gap exists when people become disconnected from their food.

“The more we can do to reconnect people with the process, the more successful we can be,” he said while emphasizing the importance of reminding people about the science behind their food supply.

Farm Bureau has 34 successes at General Assembly

Martha Moore
Vice President, Governmental Relations

As the General Assembly concluded without a budget, Farm Bureau policy positions prevailed on 34 out of 40 issues. This number will change once we know the outcome on the state budget.

A big thank you goes out to those of you who made legislative contacts when we asked you as well as those of you who participated in Legislative Day. We can’t emphasize enough how crucial it is for legislators to hear the issues and how they affect agriculture straight from Virginia farmers like you. Your contacts made all the difference this year, and we can attribute our success to you.

If you are a producer member and would like to receive our action alerts, please email Kelly.Pruitt@vafb.com.

Below are some highlights from this year’s session:

Animal Care

• Successful in defeating all legislation that place arbitrary and unscientific animal husbandry practice restrictions on farmers and prevented giving human rights to animals

Game Laws

• Made coyotes and feral hogs nuisance species so that this would allow some permanency beyond regulations for an open season on these nuisance species

• Defeated all bills that would have allowed Sunday hunting

Property Rights

• Passed a resolution placing a proposed constitutional amendment on the ballot in November 2012 to permanently protect property owners from eminent domain takings for private benefit

• Ensured that landowners are fairly compensated for factors that impact the fair market value as “lost profits” and “lost access”

Please stay tuned on this issue as we are working on developing a statewide campaign on getting the ballot initiative passed. Look for more information on how your county Farm Bureau can help ensure that are successful in a major final piece of achieving our policy position on protecting your property rights from eminent domain abuse.

Virginia Cooperative Extension/ Agriculture Experiment Station

• Passed a commending resolution on the Agriculture Experiment Station’s 125th Anniversary to highlight the programs that have helped support farm profitability

Animal Care Update: Virginia Farm Bureau pleased with horse processing legislation

Hello everyone! My name is Lindsay Reames, and animal care is one of the issues I cover for Virginia Farm Bureau.

Many Virginia farmers were pleased with recent legislation that eliminates a major hurdle for horse processing. H.R. 2112, contained in the 2012 federal appropriations bill, was signed into law by President Obama in late November.

In 2009, a law passed prohibiting the funding of a USDA inspector at horse processing plants, essentially shutting down horse processing plants. That law ended humane horse processing in this country, causing many horses to endure long trips to slaughter plants in Canada or Mexico. A recent Government Accounting Office Report confirmed that many horses were being neglected and abandoned because of the shuttering of U.S. plants. Horse rescues were getting full and unable to care of additional animals.

During the two-year funding void, there was little or no option for horse owners. The economic downturn resulted in many horses being abandoned or left with owners who could no longer afford to care for them.

Virginia farmers take excellent care of their livestock, including their horses. Without any domestic horse processing facilities, many horses needlessly suffered. By passing H.R. 2112, horse owners will be able to humanely dispose of their animals.

VFBF News Lead: Animal control officers get training on ag animal care

*News Leads are the weekly top agriculture stories written by Farm Bureau’s Communications Department and sent to local newspapers and TV stations around the state as a news release. This story was released on Oct. 20.



Photo by USDA

RICHMOND—Virginia animal control officers are receiving training on agriculture animal care standards that were approved by the 2011 General Assembly.

“We want them to know how to enforce the new animal care standards law,” said Dr. Daniel Kovich, program manager for the Office of Animal Care and Health Policy within the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Since the legislation passed in April, Kovich has been meeting with animal control officers so they are aware of the new law, know how to apply it, and understand how to educate the public about animal welfare.

 “The average person gets conflicting messages about animal welfare,” Kovich said. “How do animal control officers manage this public confusion? These people expect the animal control officers to share their viewpoint and do something about it [alleged animal abuse].”
 The new legislation sets a reasonable standard for agricultural animal care based on accepted animal husbandry practices.

“Our farmers take care of their animals and use management practices that are appropriate for each animal,” said Lindsay Reames, assistant director of governmental relations for the Virginia Farm Bureau Federation. “They know what needs to be done to take care of their farm animals and this law codifies basic care standards.”

The law mandates that farmers give their animals proper feed, water and veterinary care. It is intended to catch bad actors who fail to provide for the basic needs of their livestock.

Prior to the new legislation, only companion animal care standards existed. “This is a tool for earlier intervention in cases of animal neglect so it doesn’t get to the point of animal cruelty,” Kovich said.

Animal care is a topic that was identified recently by the U.S. Farmers and Ranchers Alliance as one that consumers want more information about. The USFRA was formed by a wide range of farmer-led organizations and agricultural partners to lead a dialogue in answering Americans’ questions about how farmers raise their food.

Farmers believe they take good care of their animals but some consumers question those practices.

“Farmers use accepted, science-based care for their animals to keep them safe, healthy and productive,” Reames said. “It’s hard for the average person who’s never been on a farm to understand how farmers care for their animals. But their practices are for the good of the animal.”